Sunday, October 21, 2007
An urban university is an institution of higher learning that is socially involved and serves as a resource for educating the citizens of the city in which it is located. That is, the urban university must by "of" the city as well as "in" the city.
An urban university operates with a closely meshed and intertwined mission, milieu, and environment. An operational definition of the urban university would incorporate both its setting and the clientele it serves. Specific criteria applying to such institutions in the United States include:
More than six dozen universities in the United States would qualify as urban universities under these criteria. City University of New York and New York University are examples of urban universities, though each is distinct from the other in purpose and mission.
Historically in the Western world, a tradition existed where universities were associated with great cities, beginning with the University of Paris, founded circa 1200 C.E. The tradition continued into the 17th and 18th centuries with the European universities at Leiden, Geneva, and Edinburgh. These institutions were both civic and municipal. A direct line runs from these universities to contemporary urban institutions such as University of London and New York University.
Location in a socially and economically diverse city with a population of 250,000 or more.
Enrollment of a significant number (20% or more) of part-time students.
Inclusion of graduate and professional schools, some of which grant a terminal degree.
Posted by iamyrfans at 10:18 AM